Chinese language is an unfamiliar territory for many whose first language use an alphabetic system such as English. Instead of combining letters to form words, Chinese language uses strokes to form characters. The commonly used Chinese characters alone contain 3000 words. Not only that, Chinese is also a tonal language with four different tones, commonly marked with accent marks, and whenever unmarked represents the neutral tone. The accent marks are only available when using PinYin to represent the pronunciation. The word sh for instance, can have different meanings depending on its tone. The first tone sh can mean poetry or wet or teacher. The second tone sh can mean ten or time or true. The third tone sh can mean history or to start or to cause. Last tone sh can mean yes or room or matter. In essence, strategies many similar sounds distinctive meanings. As a matter of fact, a Chinese linguist in the 20th century Zhao Yuanren composed a 10-line classical Chinese poem using only the sound shi.
Next, it is not always possible to guess the pronunciation of a role. The character for wood, for instance, is pronounced mu. The character for forest, can be composed of two-character for wood, is pronounced lin. Although in this example the pronunciation can not related, the concise explaination of the characters can. On the contrary, when the pronunciation can be related due to similar root character, the meanings aren’t necessarily related.
PinYin itself, although alphabetized, is not pronounced the in an identical way as the alphabetic sounds. There are unfamiliar sounds pertaining to instance u with an umlaut () that sounds like a plan of I and u. Like as much as possible unfamiliar, it can cause uncertainty and fright. Thus, knowing the challenges learners face is the actual step in devising effective learning strategies that directly affect their language becoming successful.
The Strategies Previously Learn Chinese Characters
Prof Ko-Yin Sung of Chinese Language Study from Utah State university conducted a groundwork amongst non-heritage, non-Asian Offshore learners and uncovered interesting results may be help future learners in forming a helpful study technique. Her study revolves all through most used often Chinese character learning strategies and how to say hi in mandarin those strategies affect the learners’ ability in understanding and producing the sound and the writing of this Chinese emails.
The study finds that among finest twenty most often used strategies, eight pros are springing out of when a personality is first introduced to learners. These include:
1. Repeating the character several times aloud or silently.
2. Writing the character down.
3. Noting how the character is used in context.
4. Noting the tone and associating it with pinyin.
5. Observing the character and stroke order.
6. Visualising the element.
7. Listening to the explanation of the type.
8. Associating the character with previously learned character.
The next six strategies are familiar with increase learners’ understanding among the newly introduced character.
9. Converting the character into native language and finding an equivalent.
10. Looking in the textbook or dictionary.
11. Checking if brand new character been recently used previously.
12. Trying to find out how these kinds of used in conversation.
13. Making use of the character in sentences by mouth.
14. Asking how the type could provide in lines.
However, learning strategies commence to diminish beyond those two learning portions. There are only three strategies moved to memorising newly learned character.
15. Saying and writing the character at duration.
16. Saying and picturing the character in consideration.
17. Due to the sound, visualising the character shape and meaning.
And presently there only one strategy for the practising new characters.
18. Making sentences and writing them out.
And new characters are reviewed truly worth two strategies only.
19. Writing the characters many times.
20. Reading over notes, example sentences and the textbook.
Of the twenty strategies mentioned above, four are simply just to be most significant in increasing learner’s skills of speaking, listening, reading, and writing of the actual characters. Some strategies are:
Writing the characters down
Observing the stroke order
Making connection to a similar character
Saying and writing the repeatedly
A research by Stice in 1987 showed that students only retained 10% of back as they learned from what they read, 26% from the things they hear, and 30% from what they see. While studying modes are combined, newer and interesting . improvement to learn retention is noted. Learning retention jumped to 50% when seeing and hearing are combined, and even higher at 70% when students say the materials are generally learning, and learning retention is in the highest at 90% when students the materials considerable learning as they do a product. Simply reading the characters are not enough. Learners must associate the sound with the characters, develop a connection is not characters become worse them memorable, and practice recalling the newly learned characters.
Study demonstrates that recalling new characters learned improves learning retention and reinforces learning. One way allow your this will be using an app for example The Intelligent Flashcards. Amounts . flashcard app is designed for the New Practical Chinese Reader textbooks, making it convenient evaluation characters on such basis as chapters. Just does it show stroke order animation, it one more accompanied by native speaker sound files, making this app so much more convenient that another app with regard to example Anki. With Anki, although user may add personal notes on it, the sound file isn’t available and must be imported through another app.
Another important learning method to incorporate is observing your characters are widely-used in situation. This can performed by observing real-life conversations to add to the textbook and audio recordings conversation. It is interesting to notice that university students studied typically the abovementioned research were not wanting to adopt the training strategies recommended by the instructors, for instance watching Chinese TV shows or listening Chinese popular music. There could be many causes this. The structure of the shows or songs cannot appeal for the learners.
Access to this program is not only convenient. And even if the shows could be accessed online, rarely is it subtitled in both both Chinese and English which makes the shows more necessary to beginner learners in having the language. Also, most of the very popular Chinese Television fall into the historical genre, which is a favourite on the list of Chinese, for instance The Empress of China. However, the language spoken in this type of TV show is a bit more complex compared contemporary spoken Chinese.